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GMAT语法:not only..but also

时间:2018-03-11 16:15来源:未知 作者:编辑 点击:
首先Not only..but (also)表示的关系是递进, .But/but also表示的是转折. not only ...but also表示并列,不能表示转折,不要有先入为主的感觉认为not only...but also必须一起出现。单独出现but also是可

 

首先Not only…..but (also)表示的关系是递进,

  ……….But/but also表示的是转折.

  not only ...but also表示并列,不能表示转折,不要有先入为主的感觉认为not only...but also必须一起出现。单独出现but also是可能的

  All-terrain vehicles have allowed vacationers to reach many previously inaccessible areas, but they have also been blamed for causing hundreds of deaths, injury to thousands, and seriously damaging the nation’s recreational areas.

  (A) deaths, injury to thousands, and seriously damaging

  (B) deaths and injuring thousands, and serious damage to

  (C) deaths, thousands who are injured, as well as seriously damaging

  (D) deaths and thousands of injuries, as well as doing serious damage to(D)

  (E) deaths, thousands are injured, and they do serious damage to

  关于not only…but also.. 的用法,要点如下:

  1.在正常语序中: not only … but also 应连接两个相对称的并列成分。例如:

  Not only Mr Lin but also his son joined the Party two years ago. (连接两个主语)

  I not only play tennis but also practise shooting. (连接两个谓语动词)

  He plays not only the piano but also the violin. (连接两个宾语)

  在正常语序中: 短语本身不可以加入其它成份,比如变成:not only...but it also...是错误的(因为破坏了平衡)。

  例:

  125.The winds that howl across the Great Plains not only blow away valuable topsoil, thereby reducing the potential crop yield of a tract of land, and also damage or destroy young plants.

  (A) and also damage or destroy

  (B) as well as damaging or destroying

  (C) but they also cause damage or destroy

  (D) but also damage or destroy(D)

  (E) but also causing damage or destroying

  Choice D, the best answer, correctly employs the correlative construction not only x but also y, where x and y are grammatically parallel and where both x and y (damage and destroy) apply to young plants. Choices A, (not only... and also), B (not only... as well as), and C (not only... but they also) violate the not only... but also paradigm. Moreover, B contains terms (blow... damaging) that are not parallel. In C and E, damage is used not as a verb with young plants as its direct object but as a noun receiving the action of cause; consequently, these choices fail to state explicitly that the damage is done to young plants. E also violates parallelism (not only blow... but also causing)

  2. not only … but also 连接两个主语时,谓语动词要和与其最近的主语保持人称和数的一致。例如:

  Not only the students but also the teacher was against the plan. / Not only the teacher but also the students were against the plan.

  3. not only … but also 不能用在否定句中。例如:

  误: They don't fear not only hardship but also death.

  正: They fear neither hardship nor death.

  正: They don't fear either hardship or death.

  4. not only … but also 连接两个分句,并且 not only 位于句首时,第一个分句中的主语和谓语要部分倒装。例如:

  Not only does the sun give us light, but also it gives us heat.

  Not only did he speak English correctly, but he also speaks it fluently.

  需要注意的的是not only....but also是GMAT非常喜欢的一个正确用法, 但是现在题目发展的趋势有注重逻辑关系的倾向,所以做题的时候还是要弄清楚句子的意思是递进还是转折,如果是递进not only...but also 没问题,如果是转折的话,就要考虑一下是否是GMAT的陷阱了, but/but also才是表示转折的意思.
 

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